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Aoleon

  Forum Last Post Threads Posts
Cancer Diagnosis Questions
Ask questions about cancer diagnosis.
02-27-2012 01:21 AM Go to last post
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A diagnosis of mesothelioma is most often obtained with careful assessment of clinical and radiological findings in addition to a confirming tissue biopsy. (Learn about typical mesothelioma symptoms.) A review of the patient’s medical history, including history of asbestos exposure is taken, followed by a complete physical examination, x-rays of the chest or abdomen, and lung function tests. A CT scan or MRI may also be done at this time. If any of these preliminary tests prove suspicious for mesothelioma; a biopsy is necessary to confirm this diagnosis.
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Surgery: Before, During, and After
Mastectomy, lumpectomy, and more; with helpful tips for recovery and side effects.
03-29-2009 10:36 PM Go to last post
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Not Diagnosed but Worried
Meet others worried about developing cancer for the first time.
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Just Diagnosed
Discuss next steps, options, and resources.
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Waiting for Test Results
Biopsy, mammogram, CAT scan, PET scan, ultrasound, or other tests.
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Help Me Get Through Treatment
Medications and other treatments, medical benefits, and managing side effects.
11-20-2012 12:00 PM Go to last post
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Risks and benefits, side effects, and costs of anti-estrogen medications such as Tamoxifen (Nolvadex), Arimidex (anastrozole), Femara (letrozole), and Aromasin (exemestane).
03-11-2013 07:31 PM Go to last post
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Chemotherapy: Before, During and After
Regimens, side effects, and support from others going through chemo.
05-18-2012 03:58 AM Go to last post
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Radiation Therapy: Before, During and After
What to expect from treatment and ways to manage side effects.
06-29-2012 01:40 PM Go to last post
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Alternative, Complementary & Holistic Treatment
Acupuncture, massage, supplements, herbs, and more.
08-10-2012 04:38 AM Go to last post
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Cancer News
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Types of Cancer
Breast Cancer discussion forum. Discuss topics related to breast cancer.
Cancer that forms in tissues of the breast, usually the ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple) and lobules (glands that make milk). It occurs in both men and women, although male breast cancer is rare.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow and causes large numbers of blood cells to be produced and enter the bloodstream.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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A rare cancer that forms in the outer layer of tissue of the adrenal gland (a small organ on top of each kidney that makes steroid hormones, adrenaline, and noradrenaline to control heart rate, blood pressure, and other body functions). Also called adrenocortical cancer and cancer of the adrenal cortex.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Certain cancer types that are more likely to occur in people who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common types are Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Other AIDS-related cancers include Hodgkin disease and cancers of the lung, mouth, cervix, and digestive system.
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Cancer that forms in tissues of the anus. The anus is the opening of the rectum (last part of the large intestine) to the outside of the body.
06-18-2014 12:24 AM Go to last post
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Brain Tumor (1 Viewing)
The growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in tissues of the skin. There are several types of skin cancer. Skin cancer that forms in melanocytes (skin cells that make pigment) is called melanoma. Skin cancer that forms in basal cells (small, round cells in the base of the outer layer of skin) is called basal cell carcinoma. Skin cancer that forms in squamous cells (flat cells that form the surface of the skin) is called squamous cell carcinoma. Skin cancer that forms in neuroendocrine cells (cells that release hormones in response to signals from the nervous system) is called neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Most skin cancers form in older people on parts of the body exposed to the sun or in people who have weakened immune systems.
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A rare cancer that forms in the part of the bile duct that is outside the liver. The bile duct is the tube that collects bile from the liver and joins a duct from the gallbladder to form the common bile duct, which carries bile into the small intestine when food is being digested.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in tissues of the bladder (the organ that stores urine). Most bladder cancers are transitional cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in cells that normally make up the inner lining of the bladder). Other types include squamous cell carcinoma (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells) and adenocarcinoma (cancer that begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids). The cells that form squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma develop in the inner lining of the bladder as a result of chronic irritation and inflammation.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Primary bone cancer is cancer that forms in cells of the bone. Some types of primary bone cancer are osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and chondrosarcoma. Secondary bone cancer is cancer that spreads to the bone from another part of the body (such as the prostate, breast, or lung).
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Childhood central nervous system (CNS) embryonal tumors are masses of rapidly growing cells that begin in embryonic (fetal) tissue in the brain and spinal cord. While CNS embryonal tumors can be malignant or benign, most childhood CNS embryonal tumors are malignant. The PDQ® Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors cancer information summary discusses the treatment of the following tumor types: Ependymoblastoma Medulloblastoma Medulloepithelioma Pineoblastoma * Pineal parenchymal tumors of intermediate differentiation * Supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor (SPNET) * Pineoblastoma and pineal parenchymal tumors of intermediate differentiation are brain tumors that occur in or around the pineal gland, a tiny organ near the center of the brain. These CNS embryonal tumors are classified separately by the World Health Organization, but are currently treated like other childhood CNS embryonal tumors. Childhood atypical teratoid/ rhabdoid tumors are also considered childhood CNS embryonal tumors, but are treated differently than other childhood CNS embryonal tumors. The treatment of childhood atypical teratoid/ rhabdoid tumors will be discussed in a separate PDQ summary which will be published on this Web site in the very near future.
06-15-2012 02:29 AM Go to last post
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An indolent (slow-growing) cancer that forms in cells that make hormones in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract (the stomach and intestines). It usually occurs in the appendix (a small fingerlike pouch of the large intestine), small intestine, or rectum. Having gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor increases the risk of forming other cancers of the digestive system.
12-23-2011 12:48 PM Go to last post
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08-24-2012 04:09 AM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in the tissues of the colon (the longest part of the large intestine). Most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids). Definition of rectal cancer: Cancer that forms in the tissues of the rectum (the last several inches of the large intestine before the anus).
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Any of a large group of cancers of the immune system. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas can occur at any age and are often marked by enlarged lymph nodes, fever, and weight loss. There are many different types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which can be divided into aggressive (fast-growing) and indolent (slow-growing) types and can be classified as either B-cell or T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas include Burkitt lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, immunoblastic large cell lymphoma, precursor B-lymphoblastic lymphoma, and mantle cell lymphoma. T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas include mycosis fungoides, anaplastic large cell lymphoma, and precursor T-lymphoblastic lymphoma. Lymphomas related to lymphoproliferative disorders following bone marrow or stem cell transplantation are usually B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Prognosis and treatment depend on the stage and type of disease. Also called NHL.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in the tissue lining the uterus (the small, hollow, pear-shaped organ in a woman's pelvis in which a baby grows). Most endometrial cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids).
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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EFTs. A group of cancers that includes Ewing tumor of bone (ETB or Ewing sarcoma of bone), extraosseus Ewing (EOE) tumors, primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET or peripheral neuroepithelioma), and Askin tumors (PNET of the chest wall). These tumors all come from the same type of stem cell.
06-29-2012 03:04 AM Go to last post
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A rare cancer that forms in germ cells in the testicle or ovary, or in germ cells that have traveled to areas of the body other than the brain (such as the chest, abdomen, or tailbone). Germ cells are reproductive cells that develop into sperm in males and eggs in females.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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A form of cancer that begins in melanocytes (cells that make the pigment melanin). It may begin in a mole (skin melanoma), but can also begin in other pigmented tissues, such as in the eye or in the intestines.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in tissues of the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ below the liver that collects and stores bile (a fluid made by the liver to digest fat). Gallbladder cancer begins in the innermost layer of tissue and spreads through the outer layers as it grows.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in tissues lining the stomach. Also called gastric cancer.
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An indolent (slow-growing) cancer that forms in cells that make hormones in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract (the stomach and intestines). It usually occurs in the appendix (a small fingerlike pouch of the large intestine), small intestine, or rectum. Having gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor increases the risk of forming other cancers of the digestive system.
05-26-2014 09:08 PM Go to last post
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Head and Neck Cancer (1 Viewing)
Cancer that arises in the head or neck region (in the nasal cavity, sinuses, lips, mouth, salivary glands, throat, or larynx [voice box]).
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Primary liver cancer is cancer that forms in the tissues of the liver. Secondary liver cancer is cancer that spreads to the liver from another part of the body.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Lung Cancer (1 Viewing)
Cancer that forms in tissues of the lung, usually in the cells lining air passages. The two main types are small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. These types are diagnosed based on how the cells look under a microscope.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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A mass of abnormal cells that forms in the endocrine (hormone-producing) tissues of the pancreas. Islet cell tumors may be benign (noncancer) or malignant (cancerous).
07-27-2012 06:13 AM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in tissues of the pharynx (the hollow tube inside the neck that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the windpipe and esophagus). Throat cancer includes cancer of the nasopharynx (the upper part of the throat behind the nose), the oropharynx (the middle part of the pharynx), and the hypopharynx (the bottom part of the pharynx). Cancer of the larynx (voice box) may also be included as a type of throat cancer. Most throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells that look like fish scales). Also called pharyngeal cancer.
07-27-2012 04:59 AM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in tissues of the lip or mouth. This includes the front two thirds of the tongue, the upper and lower gums, the lining inside the cheeks and lips, the bottom of the mouth under the tongue, the bony top of the mouth, and the small area behind the wisdom teeth.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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A rare type of cancer in which malignant cells are found in the lining of the chest or abdomen. Exposure to airborne asbestos particles increases one's risk of developing malignant mesothelioma.
06-11-2014 08:36 PM Go to last post
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A type of cancer that begins in plasma cells (white blood cells that produce antibodies). Also called Kahler disease, myelomatosis, or plasma cell myeloma.
06-22-2012 02:08 AM Go to last post
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Cancer that arises in immature nerve cells and affects mostly infants and children.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in tissues of the pharynx (the hollow tube inside the neck that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the windpipe and esophagus). Throat cancer includes cancer of the nasopharynx (the upper part of the throat behind the nose), the oropharynx (the middle part of the pharynx), and the hypopharynx (the bottom part of the pharynx). Cancer of the larynx (voice box) may also be included as a type of throat cancer. Most throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells that look like fish scales). Also called pharyngeal cancer.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in tissues of the ovary (one of a pair of female reproductive glands in which the ova, or eggs, are formed). Most ovarian cancers are either ovarian epithelial carcinomas (cancer that begins in the cells on the surface of the ovary) or malignant germ cell tumors (cancer that begins in egg cells).
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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A disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the tissues of the pancreas. Also called exocrine cancer
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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A rare cancer that forms in the penis (an external male reproductive organ). Most penile cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in flat cells lining the penis).
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Tumor that forms in the center of the adrenal gland (gland located above the kidney) that causes it to make too much adrenaline. Pheochromocytomas are usually benign (noncancerous) but can cause high blood pressure, pounding headaches, heart palpitations, flushing of the face, nausea, and vomiting.
06-05-2014 09:45 AM Go to last post
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Pituitary Tumor (1 Viewing)
A tumor that forms in the pituitary gland. The pituitary is a pea-sized organ in the center of the brain above the back of the nose. It makes hormones that affect other glands and many body functions, especially growth. Most pituitary tumors are benign (not cancer).
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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A type of cancer that begins in plasma cells (white blood cells that produce antibodies). Also called Kahler disease, myelomatosis, or plasma cell myeloma.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in tissues of the prostate (a gland in the male reproductive system found below the bladder and in front of the rectum). Prostate cancer usually occurs in older men.
08-31-2012 03:55 AM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in tissues of the kidneys. Kidney cancer includes renal cell carcinoma (cancer that forms in the lining of very small tubes in the kidney that filter the blood and remove waste products) and renal pelvis carcinoma (cancer that forms in the center of the kidney where urine collects). It also includes Wilms tumor, which is a type of kidney cancer that usually develops in children under the age of 5.
04-13-2012 11:05 PM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in the tissues of the retina (the light-sensitive layers of nerve tissue at the back of the eye). Retinoblastoma usually occurs in children younger than 5 years. It may be hereditary or nonhereditary (sporadic).
08-31-2012 04:49 AM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in the soft tissues in a type of muscle called striated muscle. Rhabdomyosarcoma can occur anywhere in the body.
03-23-2012 06:51 AM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in tissues lining the stomach. Also called gastric cancer.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in tissues of the pharynx (the hollow tube inside the neck that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the windpipe and esophagus). Throat cancer includes cancer of the nasopharynx (the upper part of the throat behind the nose), the oropharynx (the middle part of the pharynx), and the hypopharynx (the bottom part of the pharynx). Cancer of the larynx (voice box) may also be included as a type of throat cancer. Most throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells that look like fish scales). Also called pharyngeal cancer.
01-13-2011 02:45 AM Go to last post
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A case in which cancer cells are found in the body, but the place where the cells first started growing (the origin or primary site) cannot be determined. Also called cancer of unknown primary origin and CUP.
06-15-2012 02:22 AM Go to last post
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Cancer that forms in the tissues of the vagina (birth canal). The vagina leads from the cervix (the opening of the uterus) to the outside of the body. The most common type of vaginal cancer is squamous cell carcinoma, which starts in the thin, flat cells lining the vagina. Another type of vaginal cancer is adenocarcinoma, cancer that begins in glandular cells in the lining of the vagina.
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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Cancer of the vulva (the external female genital organs, including the clitoris, vaginal lips, and the opening to the vagina).
06-22-2014 01:33 PM Go to last post
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A disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the kidney, and may spread to the lungs, liver, or nearby lymph nodes. Wilms tumor usually occurs in children younger than 5 years old.
08-10-2012 04:25 AM Go to last post
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